Antiracist Andragogy in School Counselor Education and Training



Black students continue to experience trauma in response to racial, social, political, and cultural discrimination. Therefore, there is a need for antiracist work to push beyond awareness and to seek action for systemic change on their behalf. School counselors are uniquely positioned to encourage spaces of equity and justice however, counseling students have reported feeling unprepared to work with unfamiliar groups of people (Littleford et al., 2010). School counselor training programs are expected to prepare counselors to address racism through comprehensive counseling programs that emphasize advocacy and social justice. Drawing from Critical Race Theory, this article examines the context of the impact of discrimination and racial injustices against Black students. This article further outlines culturally responsive andragogy designed to prepare future practitioners to engage in anti-racist work on behalf of Black students.

Author Biographies

Dr. Mariama Sandifer, Columbus State University


Dr. Mariama Cook Sandifer, NCC, NCSC is currently an Assistant Professor of Counseling at Columbus State University in Columbus, Georgia.  Dr. Sandifer earned a doctorate in Counselor Education and Supervision from the University of Holy Cross in New Orleans, Louisiana and previously taught at Prairie View A&M University as well as Grand Canyon University.  Prior to counselor education, Dr. Sandifer served 14 years in public schools as a national and state certified school counselor and is a licensed professional counselor supervisor in Georgia and Louisiana. Dr. Sandifer has presented at several conferences and has published articles in pertinent areas in the school counseling field. Her research interests include school culture and counseling program implementation, support for marginalized populations, and post degree supervision of school counselors.

Dr. Eva Gibon, Austin Peay State University


Dr. Eva M. Gibson is an Assistant Professor at Austin Peay State University. Dr. Gibson received her doctorate in Counselor Education and Supervision from Argosy University and taught at Tennessee State University and Capella University. Prior to becoming a counselor educator, she spent eleven years in the school system as a licensed school counselor. Dr. Gibson has served as the President for the Tennessee School Counseling Association, the President of the Tennessee Counseling Association, and peer reviewer for the Professional School Counseling journal. Dr. Gibson was the recipient of the Tennessee School Counselor of the year award as well as the Middle Tennessee Middle School Counselor of the Year award. Dr. Gibson represented the state as ASCA’s “2017 Tennessee School Counselor of the Year” during a visit to the White House alongside First Lady Michelle Obama in her final public speech. Her research interests include social justice and targeted interventions.

Dr. Sarah Brant-Rajahn, Messiah University


Dr. Sarah N. Brant-Rajahn, NCC is an Assistant Professor of Counseling at Middle Tennessee State University in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Prior to becoming a counselor educator, she provided counseling and mental health services to youth populations in school and community settings for over ten years. Dr. Brant-Rajahn currently serves on the editorial review board for The Journal of Counseling and Research and is a Co-chair for the Southern Association for Counselor Education and Supervision (SACES) Multicultural Interest Network. She has presented at national, regional, and state conferences. Her research explores the influence of school racial climate on Black youth identity development; culturally responsive school counseling; racial trauma; and multicultural, social justice, and trauma-informed pedagogy and training.